Design

Stoves and fireplaces: how to choose?

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To enjoy a quiet moment by the fire, there is the fireplace option, stove option, or even the stove-fireplace option! Hard to make a choice of the coup! Do not panic, we give you the elements to know everything and choose well.

Stove or fireplace?

Stoves and fireplaces have a very special status in the world of heating modes. Indeed, if few people linger in front of their oil boiler or their solar water heater, they are many to consider that spend an evening in front of a good fire is part of the happiness of life. Opting for a wood stove or a chimney, is to kill two birds with one stone: to heat oneself economically and to embellish one's decor.

Already have an open fireplace? In other words, you warm up the clouds: its performance painfully reaches 10%. Why not install an insert or stove? Until the recent European standardization, the word insert meant a sort of box called closed combustion chamber that was installed in an open chimney. Today, it is also the name of the new chimney whose cladding was mounted around the combustion chamber.

A stove is a closed heating appliance (with or without glass) in steel or cast iron, sometimes covered with materials able to accumulate heat and restore it gradually (soapstone, soapstone ...). Before acting out, the feasibility should be assessed by a professional who will examine the conduit for compliance with safety standards. Attention, a supply of fresh air is obligatory. Better to think about it at the beginning of the project. If the chimney is damaged or not waterproof, it is repaired by lining (depositing a special coating). These jobs can be expensive, and even more expensive than the fireplace or stove. But your safety is at stake. The installation work of a chimney or a stove made by a professional is covered by the decennial guarantee.

What you need to know to choose well.

As with any heating appliance, the nominal power is one of the main criteria of choice. It makes it possible to compare the products on identical bases. The efficiency is the ratio between the heat produced by the fire and the heat that is finally returned to heat you.

Finally, the additional air injection, called post-combustion, burns the gases and dust resulting from the combustion of wood. The combustion is complete, the pollution reduced and the heating more efficient. Adem advises not to invest in equipment with a yield of less than 70%. By increasing the performance by only 20%, you save 30% of wood. Attention: if the power is higher than the needs, you will tend to use the device at low speed, which reduces the thermal performances.

After the technical choice, the aesthetic choice

Once chosen the type of device according to its technical characteristics, comes the question of aesthetics. Classic, contemporary, design, the dressing takes all its importance. Brands are also declining collections and some manufacturers are developing solutions that can change the facade without having to change everything.

To make the most of the flames, you can choose a 16/9 format camera (such as TVs) or a fireplace with windows on the front and sides. Models exist with a view through the fire (front and rear windows). Finally, solutions have been developed that make cleaning the windows of the chimney or the stove easier and less frequent thanks to a specific aeration avoiding too fast clogging. For those who find it difficult to separate these two modes of heating, the stove is a recent concept that combines the high performance of a stove and the aesthetics of the fireplace with a specific coating.

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