To avoid the galleys in the installation of a kitchen, here are our ten tips with a schedule of steps to achieve and the main rules of installation ...
1. Record the odds accurately
It all starts with taking exact measurements of the kitchen to be developed. It is :
- accurately note the dimensions of the walls to be clad (distance between the walls and that of the angles to the doors);
- measure openings (windows and doors) and indicate the opening direction;
- indicate the size of the technical equipment: heaters, boilers, electrical outlets, water inlets ...
- point the irregularities of the walls (recess, for example).
Then put all this data on a sheet of graph paper to visualize your entire room and its constraints.
2. Develop a 3D plan
After choosing a furniture model, it is time to think about the organization of your kitchen. Depending on the shape and surface of your room, it can be arranged in L in the case of a small surface, U in a square room, etc.
To help you organize and optimize the space, download a preview software from the kitchen websites (Ikea, Lapeyre, Conforama ...). Free and easy to use, it will allow you in a few clicks to have a global view of your project in 3D and check consistency. And especially that the equipment fits well there you want to put them. This plan, validated by a consultant of the brand you have chosen for your furniture, will be a reliable tool to make an accurate quote and quickly trigger the order of the furniture. If making a 3D plan seems too complicated, the trick is to go to the kitchen to make your plan ...
Purchase and delivery
3. Delivery times and costs
If you have chosen a kitchen made up of furniture in "kit", some brands like Ikea allow you to leave with your furniture the day of your order. Provided, however, that the chosen model is in stock. Other brands, such as Conforama or Alinéa, will put the furniture at your disposal within three or four days. However, if the chosen furniture is assembled in factory, they will be delivered in a minimum period of fifteen days (Hygena, Socoo'c ...). To know: the price of the delivery depends on the zone to be delivered.
4. VAT at 19.6% instead of 5.5%
Be aware that if you put your kitchen yourself, the VAT is 19.6% on furniture. Thus, you will not be able to benefit from the VAT reduced to 5.5%. To enjoy this tax benefit, furniture must be invoiced and paid by the same professional. Rest assured, putting your kitchen yourself allows you to make great savings in the end! Indeed, the pose represents about 15% of the total cost of a quote.
Furniture installation and connections
5. Check the location of the connections
Once your final plan is in hand, check that the water, electricity and gas connections correspond with the installation of the sink and the appliances. Attention, you can make a plumbing connection with a seamless system only if it does not exceed three meters. Beyond that, you will need a pro. Take the opportunity to upgrade your equipment to optimize the safety of your kitchen. Make sure that the dimensions of your pipes and their slope are sufficient (count at least 1cm per meter) to avoid clogging and that drainage of wastewater is effective.
6. Increase electrical capacity
Who says new kitchen, says new appliances, but also new lighting ... Result: we must not forget to provide sufficient amperage, at least 32 amperes. Finally, it is important for your safety to connect the electrical devices to the ground connections and to respect the distances between the sockets and the evacuation of fluids.
7. Have the gas connection validated by a professional
If you install or move your boiler, its connection to the gas network must be done by a professional (heating engineer ...), because this installation must meet certain safety rules. You will then need to have it validated by an approved company (Qualigaz or Gaz de France), which will issue you a certificate of conformity (mandatory in case of disaster).
8. Make sure of the quality of the walls
Before you go head to head in fixing your furniture, test the quality of the walls. Are they strong enough to fix furniture and appliances? The choice of anchors will depend on the material (plaster, brick ...), which composes them. Look for any inequalities. In some cases you can fill in the gaps or correct angles, with wooden wedges (particle board ...). If the defects are too important, it is better to use a pro.
9. Edit by order
Note the levels and locations of the furniture directly on the walls to avoid confusion. Mount the furniture boxes on the floor. Fasten the mounting profiles. Locate the power outlets, water supplies and using a saw make openings on the furniture. It is best to start with the installation of high elements to maneuver freely. Then install the bottom elements starting with the corner elements. Finally, unpack the cartons as you go. Otherwise, you may all mix ...
10. Cut out a custom work plan
Using a jigsaw, adjust the worktop. Cut out two slots for the sink and a cooktop. To ensure a perfect seal between the worktop and these two devices, apply a silicone gasket.
Finally the time of finishing ...
More than a few small details to settle so that your kitchen is beautiful and ready to use. Arrange the interior of the furniture by integrating drawers, grilles ... Then proceed to finish the furniture. Saw and apply the skirting of the elements of the bottom, fix the bands and the cornices. Install furniture doors and handles. Phew, it's over!