All about strawberry, a fruit plant bursting with flavors
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The strawberry is a creeping perennial, easy to grow in a garden or on a terrace. Its fruits: strawberries, grow from May and are good to harvest in July for varieties non-rising (which bloom only once in the year). The ascending varieties (which bloom twice a year) are harvested between June and the beginning of the frosts. The strawberry tree likes rich, non-calcareous and well drained soils. These plants and their fruits can suffer from moisture, especially stagnant water. Mulching the soil around the feet allows to have strawberries clean and without any rot.
The strawberry is the plant that produces the delight of summer, red and sweet, strawberry. It is a perennial plant. Rustic, it remains easy to cultivate in a rich and well-drained land. Our practical advice will help beginner and experienced gardeners to successfully grow strawberry in their garden and on their terrace.
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There are climbing strawberries and strawberries non-rising. For one or the other, the cultivation methods are identical. only changes the harvest date. Prepare the garden well before planting the strawberries: the soil must be rich, well drained and not calcareous. If it is, enrich it with light potting soil with peat. Reserve a sunny place so that the fruits grow. Spade the soil well, bury compost and make holes larger than the planting buckets. Allow About 40 cm between each strawberry. Immerse the cups for a few minutes, drain them, and push them lightly without burying the collar. Fill in the holes, tamp lightly and water copiously without drowning strawberries. Strike profusely so that the earth remains fresh and the fruits are not damaged by contact with the wet earth. You can plant the strawberry plants autumn, for a spring harvest next or spring for a first harvest in early autumn. To be reserved for climbing strawberries: if your land is heavy and the climate cool, form mounds to plant the strawberries a bit high. They will suffer less from moisture.
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Potted strawberry, care tips
The strawberry can be cultivate in a tray very high or a planter. Watch out for the land that needs to be rich and not limestone. Water regularly if you want beautiful fruit. Use, if you can, special pots with openings all around the body of the pottery. Fill it with soil and push the young strawberry plants into the holes.
Size and maintenance of strawberry
The strawberry is a creeping plant, whose common stems, the stolons leave in every sense. Cut a number at the time of flowering to avoid tiring the plant. These stolons can be replanted and form new strawberry plants. Harvests will be done in June-July for non-growing strawberry plants; in June and September for climbing strawberries, if they were planted in the fall.
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Watering and strawberry fertilizer
Water well at planting and at the time of flowering. Soil must not be dry. Install a drip system to prevent foliage from getting too wet and diseases to develop. In the same way, arrange, by slightly scratching the foot of the strawberry plants a fertilizer rich in phosphorus for the roots and in potassium for flowers and fruits. Then check the mulching which can be completed to protect strawberries.
Diseases and parasites affecting strawberry
The strawberry can be reached by the mildew, powdery mildew, rust, anthracnose or botrytis. To avoid all these diseases, anticipate with a good mulching, reasonable watering and do not forget the fertilizer to strengthen the strength of the roots. If symptoms appear: damaged foliage for example, remove the damaged parts of the plant and do not replant a strawberry tree two years in a row at the same place.
To know about the strawberry
French people taste varieties of wild wild strawberries for more than 1000 years. In the 18th century, a navigator named Frézier, brought from Chile a very robust strawberry, which crossed with other local varieties gave birth to the first strawberries of culture. The name of the explorer refers not to the word strawberry, but in the name of his ancestor who had served wild strawberries to the King of France in the year 916. The king gave him the family name Fraiser and the name was deformed over the centuries and migrations to become the contemporary strawberry.
Strawberry varieties to choose
For good tasty fruit crops, install a few strawberry plants Mara des Bois with wild strawberries. To make beautiful jams, opt for the Gento strawberry, which produces juicy big strawberries until the first frosts. If you like the scent of strawberry Guariguetteopt for the strawberry 'Ciflorette' or the 'Mariguette', with long fruits, which hold well. And indeed, try the strawberry Anabelle, with juicy fruits, which resists diseases well.
Gardener's tip on strawberry
Do not deprive yourself of strawberries. If your land is clayey and heavy, try growing at height. Reserve a garden square, weed, arrange a frame with sleepers about 20 cm high, pour in the frame of enriched soil, plant the strawberries, water and straw. That's it.