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The Basilic, the laurel sauce and the rosemary are part of traditional Provence herbs. Very apreciated in the garden, they perfume various small dishes and make delicious herbal teas. In addition, they are easy to grow!
The scented Provence herbs, rosemary, bay leaf sauce and basil, are easy to grow plants, beautiful and very useful in gardens. Our practical tips will help beginners and experienced gardeners to cultivate these three stars with success in their garden and on their terrace.
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Planting scented Provence herbs
These varieties of Provence herbs appreciate the light and well drained soils. Those are maquis plants used to dry land. The ideal is to plant them in full sun without risk of stagnant water. Dig wide and deep holes about twice the size of the plant's root ball. Immerse the clods before installing them in the planting holes. Tamp lightly and water well. Install these herbs of Provence in the spring except frost period and plan a distance of 20 to 50 cm between each foot. The rosemary can be integrated into shrubbery, laurel sauce, sheltered from drafts can become a beautiful evergreen tree in a few years. The basil will be installed in full sun and sheltered from drafts as well. Outside the Mediterranean areas, prefer the installation of basilicas in bins or pots that can be returned in winter.
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The scented Provence herbs in pot
These three herbs from Provence are very suitable for growing in pots. Lay a good layer of gravel in the bottom of the pot, add potting soil, then the clumps. Then proceed as for planting in the ground.
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Size and maintenance of scented Provence herbs
Rosemary himself slightly in the spring to keep a harmonious form to the bush.
The Basilic is a annual plant that you will have to replace each year except in case of culture of pot kept inside the house.
The laurel sauce is also very thin, just for keep the shrub in shape or reduce it if it grows too high. Of course keep all the cut stems for use in the kitchen. It is the late summer crops, the richest in essential oil that can be best preserved for the winter.
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Watering and fertilizer scented Provence herbs
Rosemary and bay leaf sauce are frugal. They are used to dry land and do not need to be watered except in case of big drought and if your land is very clayey.
On the other hand water regularly and copiously the basil which is a plant native to the tropics and needs a lot of moisture.
Diseases and parasites affecting scented Provence herbs
The major advantage of these varieties of fragrant Provence herbs is that they are not very sensitive to diseases and parasites. Only the basil planted in the ground can be attacked by mushrooms. If you notice attacks especially in hot and humid weather, you can treat with nettle manure sprays.
The varieties of fragrant Provence herbs to choose
The laurel sauce : There are mainly two varieties useful in cooking. The traditional laurel sauce or laurus nobilis. This beautiful shrub can reach ten meters high and its leaves are very rich in essential oil. The California laurel can reach 20 meters high and is particularly fragrant. Its leaves are to be used once dried.
The Basilic : The big leaf variety is the most sold. This basil grows well in pots and also in sunny gardens. Try also the purple basil with a spicier taste but which must be grown in pots because it is not very resistant to cold. The green basil with small leaves form decorative balls in the kitchen garden. And finally, we can also install in jars protected from the cold of basil lemon or basil anise.
Rosemary : You can mix rosemary of different colors. The one with white flowers or pink flowers are just as pretty as the common rosemary with blue flowers. Creeping Corsican rosemary also has blue flowers and may be more sensitive to cold. Its falling port is perfect for tall planters. The rosemary ball forms a very elegant rounded shrub. It can be grown on the edge or in a small hedge.
Gardener's tip on fragrant Provence herb species
The basilisk, installed on the threshold of an entrance to the south, can keep mosquitoes away. The laurel sauce is often used in homes to disinfect the atmosphere because it is very rich in essential oil. Rosemary is a very melliferous plant and his honey is exquisite.